Site Name Elizabeth River (Mt Augustus) Eastern Midland Plain
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Oyster Bay
Colony VDL
Present State/Territory TAS
Police District Campbell Town
Coordinates (imprecise to approx. 250m) -41.950,147.588,0
Date 12 Apr 1827
Attack Time Daybreak
Aboriginal People Killed 40
Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed: M 40 unspecified, F; Probable: M F; Possible: M F; Wounded: M F
Non-Aboriginal People Killed 2
Non-Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed: M 2 F; Wounded: M F
Attacker Category Military / Settlers / Stockmen
Attacker Details Party of Aborigines led by Black Tom killed Thomas Rawling and Edward Green, (servants of settler Walter Davidson). This prompted a reprisal attack by settlers and the military.
Motive Revenge for the murders of servants, Thomas Rawling and Edward Green.
Type Of Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Shotguns, muskets, bayonets
Narrative On May 4, the Colonial Times reported that three weeks earlier, Thomas Rawling and Edward Green, servants of settler Walter Davidson on the Elizabeth River, had been killed by Aborigines: ?Several persons assisted by a small party of soldiers made immediate pursuit. In 2000, a published memoir of settler James George, recorded the incident in the following way: ?Having seen their fires in a gully near the River Macquarie, some score of armed men, Constables, Soldiers and Civilians, and Prisoners (convicts) or assigned Servants, who fell in with the Natives when they was going to their Breakfast. They fired volley after volley in among the Blackfellows, they reported killing some two score?.
Sources HTG May 5,1827 -; CT May 4 -, 11 -, 25 -, 1827; BPP 1831: 48-9; George 2002: 13; Ryan 2012: 90. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating **