Site Name Naracoorte Caves
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Buandig
Colony PPD
Present State/Territory VIC
Police District
Coordinates (imprecise to approx. 250m) -37.090,140.826,0
Date 2 Jul 1845
Attack Time
Aboriginal People Killed 6
Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed: M unspecified F; Probable: M F; Possible: M F; Wounded: M F
Non-Aboriginal People Killed 0
Non-Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed: M F;Wounded: M F
Attacker Category Settler
Attacker Details Settler John Oliver and neighbours
Motive Revenge for murder of William Burrow
Type Of Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Fintlock muskets and pistols
Narrative When William Brown was murdered by Aborigines in the "New Country" over the South Australian border, John Oliver and neighbours gave chase and "some" Aborigines were killed. Many years later, James C. Hamilton, whose family worked at "Bringalbert", some distance to the north, described what happened: A call to arms was made ? the footman going one way and the horsemen another. They were all armed with flintlock muskets and pistols of some sort ? heavy, clumsy weapons they were, but effective enough. I have put a ball into a tree at a hundred yards with one of these pistols, and used the musket successfully as a fowling piece. It was a bad day for the ill-fated darkies. The horsemen came up with them in the ranges, behind Naracoorte, and saw one fellow carrying poor Brown's gun, and a lubra wearing his coat. They opened fire, and many of the blacks went under. They made no show of resistance, but scattered and ran for their lives.
Sources Blair to La Trobe, July 31 1845, VPRS in file 45/1721; 19, 45/1391; Critchett 1990: 254; Cannon 1990: 154-5. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***