Site Name Daly River and Mary River
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group
Colony SA
Present State/Territory NT
Police District
Coordinates (imprecise to approx. 250m) -13.713,130.687,0
Date 2 Sep 1884
Attack Time Various times.
Aboriginal People Killed 20
Aboriginal People Killed Notes 20-30, however some reports estimate it to be between 70-150.
Non-Aboriginal People Killed 4
Non-Aboriginal People Killed Notes John Landers, Henry Hauschildt, Johannes Noltenius and their cook, Thomas Schollert.
Attacker Category
Attacker Details No details.
Motive Reprisal.
Type Of Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Spears and firearms
Notes Men, women and children.
Narrative On 2 September 1884 at Mt Hayward Copper Mine on the Daly River, John Landers, Henry Hauschildt and Johannes Noltenius were speared as they ran for safety. Back at camp, they found their cook, Thomas Schollert, dead. A reprisal operation was carried out by Mounted Constable George Montagu and took in Argument Flat and Marrakai Station along the Mary River. Montagu?s report documented 20-30 Aboriginal deaths, but other contemporary reports suggest between 70-150, and modern estimates are higher. Inspector Paul Foelsche also led a reprisal party. A third, civilian, party, known as the 'Hauschildt Rescue' party, was armed by the Government but not accompanied by any police.
Sources Nettelbeck 2004: 19; Wilson 2000: 271; Morrison www.australianfrontierconflicts.com.au; Evening Journal, June 4 1885; SA Register, June 11 1885; Roberts 2009; North Australian, November 27 1885. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***