Site Name Coniston and surrounds 1
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Warlpiri, Anmatyere, Kaytetye
Colony NT
Present State/Territory NT
Police District
Coordinates (imprecise to approx. 250m) -22.084,132.506,0
Date Between 1 Aug 1928 and 31 Oct 1928
Attack Time Day
Aboriginal People Killed 50
Aboriginal People Killed Notes More than 50
Non-Aboriginal People Killed 1
Non-Aboriginal People Killed Notes Dingo trapper, Fred Brooks, who was killed on 7 August, 1928.
Attacker Category Police punitive expedition.
Attacker Details
Motive Brooks murdered by a man named Nugget or Bullfrog for stealing Nugget's wife. Warlpiri people killed in response in punitive expeditions.
Type Of Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Spears & firearms
Notes Men, women and children.
Narrative Following the killing of Fred Brooks by Warlpiri at Yurrguru on Coniston, a number (more than 50) of Aboriginal people (Warlpiri and Yanmatjiri) were killed by a police party comprising Mounted Constable George Murray, Alex Wilson, Stafford, John Saxby, Billy Briscoe, Dodger and trackers Paddy and Major, in the next few weeks around the Lander River and to the west of Coniston Station. The official death toll for the Coniston Massacre was 17.
Sources Woodward 1978; Read and Read 1991: 33-7; Bell 1993: 67-68; Toohey 1978; Edmond 2013: 104; Morrison www.australianfrontierconflicts.com.au; NT News, 25 Aug 2018: 24-25;Wilson and O'Brien 2003. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***