Site Name Woodlands
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Knenknenwurrung
Colony PPD
Present State/Territory VIC
Police District
Coordinates (imprecise to approx. 250m) -37.149,143.098,0
Date Between 1 Jun 1841 and 25 Jul 1841
Attack Time
Aboriginal People Killed 6
Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed: M F; Probable: M F; Possible: M 6 to 7 F; Wounded: M F
Non-Aboriginal People Killed 0
Non-Aboriginal People Killed Notes Killed:M F;Wounded:M F
Attacker Category Settler / manager
Attacker Details John Francis - manager of W.J.T. Clarke?s run at Woodlands.
Type Of Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Firearms
Notes Retaliation for killed sheep
Narrative John Francis, manager of W.J.T. Clarke?s run at Woodlands, is said to have shot six or seven Aborigines. Clarke later wrote that the Aborigines had been ?defiant? and had killed numbers of his sheep, ?destroying them wantonly and slaughtering them for their support?, but as historian A.G.L. Shaw points out, ?Francis was a man who often had trouble with Aborigines, and as he was later killed by a white shepherd, it is possible he was hot-tempered and ?defiant? himself.? W.J.T. Clarke later said ?a number of blacks, I am sorry to say, were shot?. Critchett lists the names of seven Aborigines who were shot by Francis.
Sources Critchett 1990: 248; Shaw 1996: 130,134. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating *