Sources

Abbreviations

AIATSIS

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

AJCP

Australian Joint Copying Project

BPP

British Parliamentary Papers

CCCL

Chief Commissioner Crown Lands, New South Wales

CO

Colonial Office, London

COL

Colonial Secretary, Queensland

CoSec

Colonial Secretary’s Office, New South Wales

CSIL

Colonial Secretary In Letters, New South Wales

CSO

Colonial Secretary’s Office, Tasmania

CT

Colonial Times

HRA

Historical Records of Australia

HRNSW

Historical Records of New South Wales

HRV

Historical Records of Victoria

HTC

Hobart Town Courier

HTG

Hobart Town Gazette

LA

Launceston Advertiser

MBC

Moreton Bay Courier

ML

Mitchell Library – State Library of New South Wales, Sydney

MM

Maitland Mercury and Hunter River Advertiser

NLA

National Library of Australia

NSW

New South Wales

NSWLC V&P

New South Wales Legislative Council Votes & Proceedings

OML

Oxley Memorial Library, Brisbane

QVP

Queensland Parliament, Votes & Proceedings

PRO

Public Records Office, London

QLD

Queensland

QSA

Queensland State Archives

SG

Sydney Gazette

SLNSW

State Library of New South Wales

SLQ

State Library of Queensland

SLV

State Library of Victoria

SM

Sydney Monitor

SRNSW

State Records of New South Wales

SUR

Lands and Surveys Office, Queensland State Archives

TAHO

Tasmanian Archives and Heritage Office

TAS

Tasmania

VDL Co

Van Diemen’s Land Company

VIC

Victoria

VPR

Victorian Public Records

VPRS

Victorian Public Records Service

WA

Western Australia

UNPUBLISHED SOURCES

COURT REPORTS

Maitland Circuit Court Depositions. March/April 1849.

MITCHELL LIBRARY (ML) – STATE LIBRARY OF NEW SOUTH WALES (SLNSW)

A773 Correspondence – Wallis to Macquarie, May 4, 1816.

A860 Rowland Hassall Papers, Vol.2, part 1, 1819.

A1715 Reverend Joseph Orton papers, 1825-1842.

A7078 George Augustus Robinson Papers, 1818-1924, Vol. 57.

MSS 214/21-22; 214/24, William Thomas Papers, 1834-1868, 1902.

MSS 3821 5-537C, 22 A.E. Tonge, The Young’s of Umbercollie: the First white Family in South West Queensland.

NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA (NLA)

Mfm N357, Reel 6065.

OXLEY MEMORIAL LIBRARY (OML) STATE LIBRARY OF QUEENSLAND (SLQ)

Moreton Bay Book of Trials, 13 January 1842.

PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE, LONDON (PRO)

Australian Joint Copying Project (AJCP).

AJCP Reel No. 584 PRO CO 13 Correspondence - Grey to Russell, 29 May 1841.

QUEENSLAND STATE ARCHIVES (QSA)

Colonial Secretary’s Correspondence (COL).

QSA COL/A26/1860/79,381.

QSA COL/A26/1862/, 63, 823.

QSA COL/A185/1873/99.

Lands and Surveys Office (SUR)

QSA SUR/A23/1864/62

STATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA (SLV) - LA TROBE LIBRARY

ms 5244 James Dredge Papers.

Memoirs of W. Moodie.

STATE RECORDS OF NSW (SRNSW)

Colonial Secretary’s Office (Col Sec), 4/1779; 4/1983.

Colonial Secretary In Letters (CSL).

CSL 41/9744, micro 12. Hodgson, A, Report on Aboriginal Outrage, 27 October 1841.

Commissioner of Crown Lands (CCL) Correspondence and Reports.

CCL 4/2601 Correspondence - Rolleston to Chief Secretary, 15 August and 12 October, 1843.

CCL 4/2620 Bligh, Richard CCL Gwydir to Chief Commissioner of Crown Lands, 10 Jan 1849.

TASMANIAN ARCHIVE AND HERITAGE OFFICE (TAHO)

Colonial Secretary’s Office (CSO) 1/316; 1/320; 1/323; 1/330; 1/331; 1/333 Correspondence and other papers relating to the Depredations of the Aborigines.

Van Diemen’s Land Company Records VDL 5/1, No 2 Correspondence.

VICTORIAN PUBLIC RECORDS SERVICE (VPRS)

VPRS Police Magistrates Correspondence: Barton to La Trobe November 24 1840; Blair to La Trobe July 31, 1845.

VPRS 19/42 No 43/330 Correspondence - G. A. Robinson to La Trobe, January 4 1842.

VPRS 19-21 Journal of Neil Black.

MANUSCRIPTS, THESES AND TYPESCRIPTS

Amos, A 1823, Unpublished Diary of Adam Amos, District Constable for Great Swanport, Glamorgan Historical Society, Swansea, Tasmania.

Copland, M, 1990, “A System of Assassination: The Macintyre River Frontier 1837-1850”. BA thesis, Department of History, University of Queensland.

Dunn, M 2015, "A Valley in a Valley: Colonial Struggles over Land and Resources in the Hunter Valley, NSW 1820-1850." Ph.D. thesis, University of New South Wales,http://handle.unsw.edu.au/1959.4/55057.

Gardner, PD 2015, 'Some Random Notes on the Massacres 2000-2015', Online

Gibbons, R 2014, ‘Deconstructing the Myth of Murdering Creek’, Typescript held by the author.

Gunn n.d., Letter - Goondiwindi and District File, Royal Queensland Historical Society, Brisbane, Queensland.

Schneider, P 2016, ‘Walking and Hearing Table Top Mountain: Retelling the Historical Narrative Through an Audio Walking Tour of the Summit’, Major Research Project, MA-History, University of New England.

Trangmar, E.R 1956[?],’ The Aborigines of far Western Victoria: a short talk.’ Held in Hamilton Tourist Office, Hamilton, Vic.

Windolf, JFP 2001: ‘An Evaluation of knowledge of the massacres of Murries at Murdering Creek, Sunshine Coast’, Heritage Library, Maroochy Libraries, Nambour, Qld.

PUBLISHED SOURCES

NEWSPAPERS

Age (The), November 20, 1857.

Australian, The (1824-1848), September 23, 1826; November 8, 1836; November 17 1838.

Colonial Advocate & Tasmanian Monthly Review and Register, April 1, 1830.

Colonial Times (1828-1857), March 20, 1829; March 27, 1829; September 3, 1830.

Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (1825-1827), January 6, 1826.

Courier, The (1861-1864), November 25, 1861; October 4, 1862; March 30, 1864.

Hobart Town Courier (1827-1839), November 24, 1827; March 22, 1828; October 18, 1828; February 27, 1829; February 28, 1829; March 7, 1829; June 13, 1829.

Hobart Town Gazette (1825-1827; 1830), September 23, 1826; May 5, 1827.

Hobart Town Gazette and Southern Reporter, The (1816-1821), August 31, 1816; March 29, 1817; November 14, 1818; March 13, 1819.

Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (1821-1825), December 3, 1823; January 12, 1825.

Launceston Advertiser (1829-1846), February 9, 1829.

Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser, The (1843-1893), June 26, 1850.

Moreton Bay Courier (1846-1861), April 24, 1858.

Port Phillip Gazette (1838-1845), August 26, 1843.

Queensland Times, Ipswich Herald and General Advertiser (1861-1908), April 7, 1864.

Queenslander, The (1866-1939), November 3, 1866.

Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser, The (1803-1842), April 6, 1805; May 12, 1805; April 6, 1806; July 29, 1824; August 12, 1824.

Sydney Herald (1832-1841), June 10, December 28, 1840.

Sydney Monitor (The), July 7, 1826.

Sydney Morning Herald, The (1842-1954), December 5, 1842; August 24, 1842; January 11, 18, 1843; October 15, 1847; January 22, 1852; October 20, 1846; December 10,11, 1861.

Tasmanian, The (1827-1839), November 16, 1827.

Toowoomba Chronicle and Queensland Advertiser, The (1861 - 1875), December 29, 1864.

ONLINE SOURCES

AUSTLANG Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Canberra. <http://austlang.aiatsis.gov.au/main.php>

BOOKS, ARTICLES, CHAPTERS, REPORTS

Allen, T & Queen, S 2015, 'Beyond the Map: Unpacking Critical Cartography in the Digital Humanities', Visible Language, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 78-99.

Arkley, L 2000, The Hated Protector: The Story of Charles Wightman Sievewright, Protector of Aborigines 1839-42, Orbit Press, Mentone, Victoria.

Bartrop, P 2004, 'Punitive Expeditions and Massacres: Gippsland, Colorado, and the Question of Genocide', in AD Moses (ed), Genocide and Settler Society: Frontier Violence and Stolen Indigenous Children in Australian History, Berghahn Books, Oxford, pp. 194-214.

Bassett, J 1989, 'The Faithfull Massacre at the Broken River, 1838', Journal of Australian Studies vol. 13, no. 24, pp. 18-34.

Billis, RV & Kenyon, AS 1974, Pastures new: an account of the pastoral occupation of Port Phillip, Stockland Press, Melbourne.

Bladon, FM (ed) 1979, Historical Records of New South Wales, (HRNSW), facsimile edition. Lansdowne Slattery & Co., Mona Vale, NSW.

Blomfield, G. 1986, Baal Belbora the End of the Dancing, Alternative Publishing Co-operative Ltd., Sydney.

Bonwick, J 1870, The Last of the Tasmanians, Sampson Low, Son & Marston, London.

Bonwick, J 1970, Western Victoria, Its Geographical, Geological and Social Condition, Reprinted from 1858 edn, William Heinemann Australia, Melbourne.

Bottoms, T 2013, Conspiracy of Silence Queensland’s Frontier Killing Times, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

Boyce, J 2011, 1835: the founding of Melbourne & the conquest of Australia, Black Inc, Collingwood, Vic.

Breen, S 1996, 'Human agency, historical inevitability and moral culpability: Rewriting black-white history in the wake of Native Title', Aboriginal History, vol. 20, pp. 108-132.

Breen, S 2001, Contested places: Tasmania's northern districts from ancient times to 1900, Centre for Tasmanian Historical Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas.

Bridges, R 1948, That Yesterday was Home, Australasian Publishing Company, Sydney.

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British Parliamentary Papers (BPP) 1839, Australian Aborigines. Return of an Address … dated 19th July 1839 for copies of Extracts from Despatches relative to the Massacre of various Aborigines in Australia, in the Year 1838, and respecting the Trial of their Murderers, London. Vol 34, Paper 526.

British Parliamentary Papers (BPP) 1844, Aborigines (Australian Colonies) Return of an Address…dated 5th August 1844 for Copies or Extracts from the Despatches of the Governors of the Australian Colonies, with the Reports of the Protectors of Aborigines, and any other Correspondence to illustrate the Condition of the Aboriginal Population of said Colonies, from the Date of the last Papers laid before Parliament on the subject, London. Vol. 34, Paper 627.

Broome, R 2005, Aboriginal Victorians A History Since 1800, Allen & Unwin, Sydney.

Butlin, NB 1993, Economics and the Dreamtime: A Hypothetical History, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne.

Campbell, AH 1987, John Batman and the Aborigines, Kibble Books, Malmsbury, Victoria.

Cannon, M (ed) 1982, Historical Records of Victoria. Foundation series vol. 2A, The Aborigines of Port Phillip, 1835-1839, Victorian Government Printing Office, Melbourne.

Cannon, M 1990, Who killed the Koories?, William Heinemann Australia, Port Melbourne, Vic.

Chapman, P (ed) 1996-2000, Historical Records of Australia (HRA) Resumed Series III, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Clark, ID 1995, Scars in the Landscape: a register of massacre sites in western Victoria, 1803-1859, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS), Canberra.

Clark, ID 2011, ‘The Convincing Ground Aboriginal massacre at Portland Bay, Victoria: fact or fiction?’, Aboriginal History, vol.35, pp. 79-109.

Connor, J 2002, Australian Frontier Wars, 1788-1838, UNSW Press, Sydney.

Copland, M, Richards, J & Walker, A 2006, One hour more daylight: a historical overview of Aboriginal dispossession in southern and southwest Queensland, Social Justice Commission, Catholic Diocese of Toowoomba, Toowoomba, Qld.

Critchett, J 1990, A distant field of murder: western district frontiers, 1834-1848, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Vic.

Critchett, J 2003, 'Encounters in the Western District', in B Attwood & FS G. (eds), Frontier Conflict: The Australian Experience, National Museum of Australia, Canberra, pp. 52-62.

Cusack, F 1973, Bendigo: a history, Heinemann, Melbourne.

Dow, G & Dow, H 1990, Landfall in Van Diemen’s Land: The Steels Quest for Greener Pastures, Footprint, Footscray, Victoria.

Dunderdale, G 1973, Book of the Bush Containing Many Truthful Sketches Of The Early Colonial Life Of Squatters, Whalers, Convicts, Diggers, And Others Who Left Their Native Land And Never Returned, Penguin Books, Ringwood, Vic.

Elder, B 2003, Blood on the wattle massacres and maltreatment of Aboriginal Australians since 1788, 3rd edn, New Holland, Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.

Eldershaw, F 1854, Australia as it really is, in its life, scenery, & adventure with the character, habits, and customs of its Aboriginal inhabitants, and the prospects and extent of its gold fields, Published for the author by Darton and Co., London.

Evans, R 1999, 'The Mogwi take Mi-an-jin: race relations and the Moreton Bay penal settlement, 1824-1842', in Fighting words: writing about race, University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Qld.

Evans, R 2007, A history of Queensland, Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne.

Fels, MH 1982, 'Culture Contact in the County of Buckinghamshire, Van Diemen’s Land 1803-11', Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Papers and Proceedings, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 47-68.

Fels, MH 1988, Good men and true: the Aboriginal police of the Port Phillip district 1837-1853, Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Vic.

Fenton, J 1884, A History of Tasmania, J. Walch & Sons, Hobart.

Garden, DS 1984, Victoria: a history, Nelson, Melbourne.

Gardner, PD 2001, Gippsland Massacres: the destruction of the Kurnai Tribes 1800-1860, 2nd edn, Elsever, Vic.

George, J 2002, 'Extracts from a Diary belonging to James George', Oatlands District Historical Society Chronicle, vol. 2, pp. 10-20.

Gilmore, M 1935, More Recollections, Angus & Robertson, Sydney.

Gunson, N (ed) 1974, Australian reminiscences & papers of L.E. Threlkeld, missionary to the Aborigines, 1824-1859, 2 vols. Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies, Canberra.

Harris, J 2003, 'Hiding the bodies: the myth of the humane colonisation of Aboriginal Australia', Aboriginal History, vol. 27, pp. 79-104.

Hartwell, RM 1954, The Economic Development of Van Diemen’s Land 1820-1850, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Henderson, J 1851, Excursions and Adventures in New South Wales. 2. Vols. London.

Hodgkinson, C. 1845, Australia, from Port Macquarie to Moreton Bay, London.

Hobler, G 1992, The Diaries of Pioneer George Hobler, October 6 1800-December 13 1882, C. & H. Reproductions, Sydney.

Jones, RM 1974, 'Tasmanian Tribes', in N Tindale (ed), Aboriginal Tribes of Australia, Australian National University Press, Canberra.

Kent, D 2006, ‘Frontier Conflict and Aboriginal Deaths: How do we weigh the evidence?’, Journal of Australian Colonial History, vol.8, pp. 35-41.

Kiddle, M 1961, Men of yesterday: a social history of the western district of Victoria, 1834-1890, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.

Lack, C and Stafford, H nd, The Rifle and the Spear, Smith and Paterson, Brisbane.

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Lourandos, H 1997, Continent of Hunter-Gatherers: New Perspectives on Australian Prehistory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

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Mitchell, TL, 1838, Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, 2 vols. London.

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McKenna, M 2016, From the edge: Australia's lost histories, The Miegunyah Press an imprint of Melbourne University Publishing, Carlton, Vic.

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Muir, C 2014, The Broken Promise of Agricultural Progress: An Environmental History, Earthscan from Routledge, New York.

Mulvaney, DJ 1989, Encounters in place: outsiders and Aboriginal Australians 1606-1985, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, Qld.

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