Timeline

The following are provisional estimates only and will be adjusted as research continues. Only sites for which there is good evidence are shown. The estimates for the amount of people massacred are conservative, indicating only the amount of people we can be reasonably sure died in an incident. In some cases the actual deaths may have been many more. To understand these figures, please read the Introduction.

The borders of the colonies and administrative areas changed over time. Australia includes hundreds of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander nations, represented on the AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia. When the First Fleet arrived in 1788 the British regarded the entire east coast of Australia as New South Wales. This included nearby islands and New Zealand and dismissed Dutch claims to Van Diemen's Land. It did not include Western Australia. Van Diemen's Land became a separate administrative area in 1803, became a seperate colony in 1825 and changed its name to Tasmania in 1856. The Port Philip District had its own administration from its formation in 1836 and became the Colony of Victoria in 1850. New Zealand became a separate colony in 1841. The area currently known as Queensland was part of New South Wales until 1859 when it became a separate colony. In 1829 the British claimed the Swan River colony which was later renamed Western Australia. In 1836 South Australia separated from New South Wales to be come a colony. The Northern Territory was from time to time part of New South Wales and South Australia and first became the Northern Territory in 1911.

NSW:New South Wales
VDL:Van Diemen's Land
PPD:Port Phillip District
VIC:Victoria
QLD:Queensland
Estimated Date Colony Location Language Group Estimated Aboriginal People Massacred Estimated Colonists Massacred
1 Sep 1794 NSW Hawkesbury (1) 7 0
7 Jun 1795 NSW Hawkesbury (2) 7 0
3 May 1804 VDL Risdon Cove, River Derwent Big River [Leenowwine; Pangerninghe] 30 0
1 May 1805 to 10 May 1805 NSW Hawkesbury (3) 7 0
1 Mar 1806 NSW Twofold Bay, South Coast 9 0
1 Nov 1815 to 30 Nov 1815 VDL Oyster Bay, East Coast Oyster Bay 17 0
17 Apr 1816 NSW Appin 14 0
1 Oct 1818 NSW Minnamurra River, South Coast 6 0
15 Nov 1823 VDL Meredith River Oyster Bay / Little Swanport 6 2
31 May 1824 NSW Bathurst Plains 6 0
1 Sep 1824 NSW Turon River 45 0
5 Sep 1824 to 10 Sep 1824 NSW Mudgee 16 0
1 Dec 1824 to 31 Dec 1824 VDL Evandale, Paterson's Plains near Launceston North Midlands 6 0
1 Dec 1825 to 31 Dec 1825 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River (4) North Sorell [Pallittore North] 14 0
14 Mar 1826 VDL Tooms Lake East Coast Oyster Bay / Little Swanport 7 1
1 Sep 1826 NSW Hunter Valley, The Bridgman Estate, Fal Brook 18 0
15 Sep 1826 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River (3) North Sorell [Pallittore North] 6 0
9 Dec 1826 VDL Bank Head Farm, headwaters of Sorell Rivulet, Pittwater Oyster Bay 14 0
1 Mar 1827 to 31 Mar 1827 VDL Lagoon Lower Marshes near Jordan River Big River 17 1
1 Mar 1827 to 31 Mar 1827 NSW Paterson River, Hunter Valley 12 0
12 Apr 1827 VDL Elizabeth River (Mt Augustus) Eastern Midland Plain Oyster Bay 40 2
1 May 1827 to 15 May 1827 VDL Sally Peak (1) Big River 6 1
1 May 1827 to 15 May 1827 VDL Sally Peak (2) Big River / Oyster Bay 20 1
1 Jun 1827 to 30 Jun 1827 VDL Blackman River: intersection of Brumby Creek and Lake River Big River 10 3
13 Jun 1827 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River (2) North Sorell [Pallittore North] 9 0
24 Jun 1827 VDL Laycock Falls (Liffey Falls) North Sorell [Pallittore North] 30 1
26 Jun 1827 VDL Quamby Brook North Sorell [Pallittore North] 30 3
3 Jul 1827 VDL Quamby Bluff North Sorell [Pallittore North] 100 0
30 Jul 1827 NSW Raffles Bay, NT 30 0
1 Sep 1827 to 31 Oct 1827 NSW Yarramanbah, Liverpool Plains 6 0
17 Nov 1827 VDL Pawleena Valley Oyster Bay 14 0
1 Dec 1827 to 31 Dec 1827 VDL The Retreat', (Cheshunt) Dairy Plains, Western Creek North Sorell [Pallittore North] 19 0
1 Dec 1827 to 31 Dec 1827 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River (1) North Sorell [Pallittore North] 9 0
1 Jan 1828 to 31 Jan 1828 VDL Cape Grim, VDL Co, NW Tasmania (1) North West 13 0
10 Feb 1828 VDL Cape Grim, VDL Co, Nw Tasmania (2) North West 30 0
19 Mar 1828 VDL Bullock Hunting Ground, West Tamar River North Midlands 14 0
2 Apr 1828 VDL Elizabeth River, Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay 17 1
1 Jul 1828 to 30 Jul 1828 VDL Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay / Big River 17 0
9 Oct 1828 VDL Source of the Jordan River, Lake Tiberias Oyster Bay 6 4
6 Dec 1828 VDL Tooms Lake, source of Macquarie River, Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay / Little Swanport 10 3
1 Jan 1829 to 31 Jan 1829 VDL St Paul’s River, East Coast Oyster Bay 9 0
1 Jan 1829 to 31 Jan 1829 VDL Break O'Day Plains Oyster Bay 10 0
18 Feb 1829 VDL West Tamar North Sorell [Pallittore North] 7 0
1 Mar 1829 to 5 Mar 1829 VDL Richmond, Coal River Oyster Bay 6 0
13 Mar 1829 to 17 Mar 1829 VDL Cataract Gorge North Midlands 6 3
28 Mar 1829 VDL Clyde and Ouse Rivers (1) Big River 9 0
1 Jun 1829 to 30 Jun 1829 VDL Pittwater Oyster Bay 10 2
1 Sep 1829 VDL East of Ben Lomond Ben Lomond 17 0
1 Oct 1829 to 31 Oct 1829 VDL Ouse River Big River 7 0
10 Mar 1830 VDL Clyde River (1) Big River 10 0
10 Mar 1830 VDL Clyde and Ouse Rivers (2) Big River 6 0
1 Apr 1830 to 8 Apr 1830 VDL Upper Clyde River Big River 6 0
18 Apr 1830 VDL Whitefoord Hills, Meander River North Sorell [Pallittore North] 6 0
22 Aug 1830 to 27 Aug 1830 VDL Clyde River (2) Big River 6 0
22 Aug 1830 to 27 Aug 1830 VDL Clyde River (3) Big River 6 0
1 Jul 1831 NSW Moreton Island 20 0
12 Oct 1833 to 31 Dec 1832 NSW Stradbroke Island 6 0
1 Jan 1834 to 31 Dec 1834 PPD Convincing Ground, Portland Bay Dhauwurd wurrung 20 0
1 Jan 1835 to 31 Dec 1835 NSW Waterloo Plains, Namoi R. Liverpool Plains PD 6 0
1 Jan 1836 to 31 Dec 1836 NSW Dora Dora Station, Table Top Mountain 12 0
27 May 1836 NSW Murray River, near Robinvale 7 0
1 Jun 1836 to 31 Jul 1836 NSW Sgt Temple’s expedition to the Gwydir, near Barraba 80 0
16 Jul 1836 PPD Mt Cottrell Wathawurrung 10 1
1 Nov 1837 to 30 Nov 1837 PPD Goulburn River Djadjawurrung or Taungurung or Ngurai-illamwurrung 6 0
1 Nov 1837 to 30 Nov 1837 NSW Gravesend Mountain, Liverpool Plains PD 200 0
8 Jan 1838 to 31 Aug 1838 NSW Ardgowan Island, Gwydir River, Bligh Pastoral District 9 0
26 Jan 1838 NSW Waterloo Creek 40 0
1 Apr 1838 to 30 Apr 1838 PPD Broken River Djadjawurrung or Taungurung or Ngurai-illamwurrung or Waywurru 6 0
12 Apr 1838 PPD Benalla Djadjawurrung or Taungurung or Ngurai-illamwurrung or Waywurru 0 7
1 May 1838 NSW Slaughterhouse Creek, Gwydir River, near Bingara. Liverpool Plains PD 300 0
1 Jun 1838 to 30 Jun 1838 PPD Waterloo Plains Djadjawurrung 7 0
1 Jun 1838 to 30 Jun 1838 PPD Campaspe Plains Djadjawurrung 6 2
1 Jun 1838 to 31 Aug 1838 PPD Darlington Station Djadjawurrung 13 0
10 Jun 1838 NSW Myall Creek, near Bingara 28 0
1 Jul 1838 to 31 Jul 1838 PPD Reservoir (1) Djadjawurrung 10 0
1 Jul 1838 to 31 Jul 1838 PPD Reservoir (2) Djadjawurrung 10 0
1 Oct 1838 to 31 Oct 1838 PPD Murdering Flat Wulluwurrung or Nundadjali 40 1
1 Jan 1839 to 31 Dec 1839 NSW Junction of Murray and Darling Rivers 6 0
1 Feb 1839 to 28 Feb 1839 PPD Maiden Hills Djadjawurrung 6 0
1 Jun 1839 to 30 Nov 1839 PPD Chimney Pots Djabwurrung or Nundadjali 60 0
1 Oct 1839 to 31 Oct 1839 PPD Murdering Gully Djargurd Wurrung or Keeray- Woorroong or Wirngilgnad dhalinanong 35 0
1 Dec 1839 to 31 Jan 1840 PPD Blood Hole Djadjawurrung 6 0
1 Jan 1840 to 28 Feb 1840 PPD Tahara Wulluwurrung 6 0
8 Mar 1840 PPD Fighting Hills Nundadjali 41 0
1 Apr 1840 PPD Fighting Waterholes Wulluwurrung or Nundadjali 20 0
20 May 1840 to 31 May 1840 NSW Kunderang Brook Upper Macleay River Valley 24 0
1 Jun 1840 to 30 Jun 1840 PPD Mustons Djabwurrung or Gai wurrung 8 0
9 Jun 1840 PPD Campaspe (2) Djadjawurrung or Ngurai-illamwurrung 7 0
11 Jun 1840 PPD Mount Rouse Djab wurrung or Gai wurrung 40 0
12 Aug 1840 to 20 Aug 1840 PPD Victoria Valley Djabwurrung 23 0
1 Oct 1840 to 31 Oct 1840 PPD Boney Point Gunnai or Tatungalung or Braiakaulung 15 0
1 Nov 1840 to 30 Nov 1840 PPD Connell's Ford Nundadjali or Wulluwwurrung 15 0
1 Nov 1840 to 30 Nov 1840 PPD Burrumbeep Pirtpirtwurrung 7 1
1 Jan 1841 to 31 Dec 1841 PPD Boxes Creek Tatungalung 30 0
1 Jan 1841 to 31 Dec 1841 PPD Butchers Creek Tatungalung or Brabralung 6 0
1 Apr 1841 to 30 Apr 1841 NSW Orara River, near Seelands Clarence PD 20 0
1 May 1841 to 31 May 1841 NSW Darkie Point, Newton Boyd, north east of Armidale New England Pastoral District 10 0
1 Jun 1841 to 30 Jun 1841 PPD Mount Sturgeon Station Djabwurrung 6 0
1 Jun 1841 to 25 Jul 1841 PPD Woodlands Knenknenwurrung 6 0
23 Aug 1841 PPD Rufus River Yuyu or Ngintait or Marawara 30 0
23 Aug 1841 NSW Rufus River, near Cullulleraine 30 0
1 Oct 1841 to 31 Oct 1841 NSW Grantham, Moreton Bay Pastoral District 6 0
1 Oct 1841 to 31 Oct 1841 NSW Bogan River beyond Mt Harris 6 0
1 Dec 1841 to 31 Jan 1842 PPD Glenelg Nundadjali 6 0
1 Feb 1842 to 28 Feb 1842 PPD Tarrone (1) Koornkopanoot or Bi:gwurrung 6 1
1 Feb 1842 to 28 Feb 1842 NSW Kilcoy Mass poisoning, near Marburg 60 0
24 Feb 1842 PPD Lubra Creek Gai wurrung or Djabwurrung 6 0
1 Mar 1842 to 15 May 1842 PPD Emu Creek Dhauwurd wurrung or Wulluwurrung 9 2
18 Aug 1842 PPD Eumerella Tatungalung 6 0
11 Sep 1842 NSW Deepwater (1), New England Pastoral District 6 0
1 Oct 1842 to 31 Oct 1842 PPD Tarrone (2) Bi:gwurrung or Koornkopanoot 9 0
1 Oct 1842 to 31 Dec 1842 NSW Yandilla and Tummaville 6 0
1 Dec 1842 to 31 Dec 1842 PPD Hollands Landing Tatungalung 6 0
12 Jan 1843 to 31 Dec 1843 NSW Sheep Station Bluff Upper McLeay River 6 0
1 Feb 1843 PPD Barmah Lake Barababaraba or Jabulajabula or Yorta Yorta 26 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Warrigal Creek Waterhole Brataualung 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Warrigal Creek Mouth Brataualung 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Freshwater Creek Brataualung 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Gammon Creek Brataualung 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Red Hill Brataualung 60 0
27 Jul 1843 NSW Mt Haldon, Darling Downs 6 0
6 Aug 1843 PPD Wannon River Djabwurrung or Nundadjali 6 0
1 Sep 1843 to 10 Sep 1843 PPD Fitzroy River (1) Dhauwurd wurrung 10 0
1 Sep 1843 to 30 Sep 1843 PPD Crawford River Dhauwurd wurrung or Wulluwurrung 9 0
1 Sep 1843 to 31 Oct 1843 NSW Rosewood Scrub, Moreton Bay Pastoral Districrt 6 0
1 Nov 1843 to 30 Nov 1843 PPD Clunie Nundadjali or Mardidjali 6 0
1 Nov 1843 to 1 Jun 1844 PPD Haunted Creek Tatungalung or Brabralung 60 0
1 Jan 1844 to 31 Dec 1847 NSW Crampton’s Corner Massacre 15 0
17 Oct 1844 NSW Bluff Rock New England Pastoral District 10 0
1 Jan 1845 to 31 Dec 1845 NSW Darkey Flat Massacre 6 0
1 Jan 1845 to 31 Dec 1845 NSW Upper Macleay River, NSW 6 0
1 Mar 1845 NSW Deepwater (2), New England Pastoral District 16 0
2 Jul 1845 PPD Naracoorte Caves Buandig 6 0
1 Jan 1846 to 31 Dec 1846 NSW Junction of Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers 7 0
1 Feb 1846 PPD Loddon Junction Wemba Wemba 6 1
1 Oct 1846 NSW Dourallie Creek, Upper Macleay River Valley 60 0
16 Dec 1846 PPD Snowy Mouth Tatungalung or Krauatungulung 15 0
10 Apr 1847 to 20 Apr 1847 NSW Whiteside Station Moreton Bay Pastoral District 50 0
1 Jul 1847 to 31 Jul 1847 PPD Mt Eccles Dhauwurd wurrung 30 0
1 Jul 1847 to 31 Jul 1847 PPD Mt Napier Wulluwurrung or Djabwurrung or Gai wurrung 30 0
12 Sep 1847 to 30 Sep 1847 NSW Boonall Station, MacIntyre River region 40 0
1 Oct 1847 to 31 Oct 1847 NSW Callandoon Station MacIntyre River 12 0
29 Nov 1847 NSW Kangaroo Creek, Clarence Pastoral District 23 0
1 Jan 1848 to 31 Dec 1848 NSW Warroo Massacre, Maranoa Pastoral District 100 0
1 Jan 1848 to 31 Dec 1848 NSW Fitzgerald’s Burgurrah Station Maranoa Pastoral District 40 0
1 Jun 1848 to 30 Jun 1848 PPD Beveridge Island Wemba Wemba or Wadi Wadi 7 0
1 Jun 1848 to 30 Jun 1848 NSW Umbercollie Station, MacIntyre River 12 0
1 Oct 1848 to 31 Oct 1848 NSW Muckadilla Creek Maranoa Pastoral District 6 0
23 Apr 1849 NSW Grafton Range Maranoa Pastoral District 40 0
1 May 1849 to 31 May 1849 NSW Carbucky Station Maranoa Pastoral District 20 0
1 May 1849 to 31 May 1849 NSW Severn (Dumaresq) River, Maranoa PD 6 0
1 Jun 1849 to 31 Jul 1849 NSW ‘The Cedars’, Burnett River 20 0
20 Jul 1849 to 31 Jul 1849 NSW Fleming’s Talavera Station, Maranoa Pastoral District 20 0
1 Jan 1850 to 31 Dec 1850 PPD Slaughterhouse Gully Tatungalung or Brabralung 15 0
1 Jan 1850 to 31 Dec 1850 PPD Lake Curlip Tatungalung or Krauatungulung 15 0
1 Jan 1850 to 12 Jan 1855 PPD Murderers Flat Dhauwurd wurrung 6 0
4 Mar 1850 NSW Yuleba Creek Massacre, Maranoa PD 6 0
1 Oct 1850 to 31 Oct 1850 NSW Ukabulla Station (1), Maranoa PD 13 0
24 Dec 1851 to 3 Jan 1852 NSW Fraser Island 6 0
5 May 1852 to 8 May 1852 NSW Yamboucal Maranoa Pastoral District 6 0
20 Sep 1852 to 30 Sep 1852 NSW Moonie Massacre, Maranoa Pastoral District 6 0
1 Nov 1852 to 30 Nov 1852 NSW Ukabulla Station (2), Maranoa PD 6 0
1 Nov 1854 NSW Maryborough, Burnett PD 6 0
26 Dec 1855 NSW Mt Larcom Station Leichhardt Pastoral District 0 6
1 Jan 1856 to 31 Dec 1856 NSW Rain forest, Towel Creek, Clarence PD 6 0
27 Oct 1857 NSW Hornet Bank Station, Upper Burnett Pastoral District 0 11
15 Apr 1858 NSW Whiteside Station, Moreton Bay PD 6 0
1 Jan 1859 to 31 Dec 1859 PPD Lake Bolac Gai wurrung or Djabwurrung 11 0
1 Nov 1859 to 30 Nov 1859 QLD Fitzroy River (1) Karunbara or Rakiwara or Bayali 8 1
1 Mar 1860 to 31 Mar 1860 QLD Yuleba Creek Waka Waka? 15 0
6 Nov 1860 QLD Fitzroy River (2) Karunbara or Rakiwara or Bayali 8 1
17 Oct 1861 QLD Cullin-la-Ringo Station, Nogoa River Gayiri 0 19
19 Oct 1861 QLD Upper Maranoa Gungabula 10 0
25 Oct 1861 QLD Nogoa River Gayiri 30 0
26 Nov 1861 QLD Expedition Range Mandalgu 60 0
10 Dec 1861 QLD Dawson River Mandalgu 10 0
1 Feb 1862 to 30 Apr 1862 QLD Lake Weyba Kubi Kubi 25 0
1 Aug 1862 to 31 Aug 1862 QLD Caboolture River Buyibara 7 0
30 Oct 1863 QLD Woolgar River Ngawun 12 0
15 Oct 1864 QLD Tree Island [Albany Island] Djagaraga or Yatay 6 0
21 Jun 1866 QLD Glenmore Downs - Belyando River Darumbal 6 0
1 Oct 1866 to 31 Oct 1866 QLD Belyando River 9 0
1 Jun 1869 to 30 Jun 1869 QLD Torres Strait - Muralug Island Kawalgaw Ya 0 8
20 Jan 1870 QLD Murray River Djira 6 0