Timeline

The following are provisional estimates only and will be adjusted as research continues. Only sites for which there is good evidence are shown. The estimates for the amount of people massacred are conservative, indicating only the amount of people we can be reasonably sure died in an incident. In some cases the actual deaths may have been many more. To understand these figures, please read the Introduction.

The borders of the colonies and administrative areas changed over time. Australia includes hundreds of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Islander nations, represented on the AIATSIS map of Indigenous Australia. When the First Fleet arrived in 1788 the British regarded the entire east coast of Australia as New South Wales. This included nearby islands and New Zealand and dismissed Dutch claims to Van Diemen's Land. It did not include Western Australia. Van Diemen's Land became a separate administrative area in 1803, became a seperate colony in 1825 and changed its name to Tasmania in 1856. The Port Philip District had its own administration from its formation in 1836 and became the Colony of Victoria in 1850. New Zealand became a separate colony in 1841. The area currently known as Queensland was part of New South Wales until 1859 when it became a separate colony. In 1829 the British claimed the Swan River colony which was later renamed Western Australia. In 1836 South Australia separated from New South Wales to be come a colony. The Northern Territory was from time to time part of New South Wales and South Australia and first became the Northern Territory in 1911.

NSW:New South Wales
VDL:Van Diemen's Land
PPD:Port Phillip District
VIC:Victoria
QLD:Queensland
Estimated Date Colony Location Nation Or Clan Estimated Aboriginal People Massacred Estimated Colonists Massacred
1 Sep 1794 NSW The Hawkesbury 1 Bediagal 7 0
7 Jun 1795 NSW The Hawkesbury 2 Bediagal 7 0
3 May 1804 VDL Risdon Cove, River Derwent Leenowwine; Pangerninghe - Big River 30 0
1 May 1805 to 10 May 1805 NSW Hawkesbury River Bediagal/Darug 7 0
1 Mar 1806 NSW Twofold Bay, south coast 0 9
1 Nov 1815 to 30 Nov 1815 VDL Oyster Bay East Coast Oyster Bay 17 0
17 Apr 1816 NSW Appin Gandangara 14 0
1 Oct 1818 NSW Minnamurra River, south coast 6 0
15 Nov 1823 VDL Meredith River Oyster Bay 6 0
31 May 1824 NSW Bathurst Plains Wiradjuri 6 0
1 Sep 1824 NSW Turon River Wiradjuri 45 0
1 Sep 1824 to 31 Oct 1827 NSW Liverpool Plains Kamilaroi 6 0
5 Sep 1824 to 10 Sep 1824 NSW Mudgee Wiradjuri 16 0
1 Dec 1824 to 31 Dec 1824 VDL Evandale, Paterson's Plains near Launceston North Midlands 6 0
1 Dec 1825 to 31 Dec 1825 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River Pallittorre - North 14 0
14 Mar 1826 VDL Tooms Lake East coast Oyster Bay 7 0
1 Sep 1826 NSW Hunter Valley, The Bridgman Estate, Fal Brook Wonnarua 18 0
15 Sep 1826 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River Pallittorre - North 7 0
9 Dec 1826 VDL Bank Head Farm, headwaters of Sorell Rivulet, Pittwater Oyster Bay 14 0
1 Mar 1827 to 31 Mar 1827 VDL Lagoon Lower Marshes near Jordan River Big River 17 0
12 Apr 1827 VDL Elizabeth River (Mt Augustus) Eastern Midland Plain Oyster Bay 40 2
1 May 1827 to 15 May 1827 VDL Sally Peak Oyster Bay 6 2
1 May 1827 to 15 May 1827 VDL Sally Peak Oyster Bay 20 0
1 Jun 1827 to 30 Jun 1827 VDL Blackman River: intersection of Brumby Creek and Lake River Big River 10 3
13 Jun 1827 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River Pallittorre - North 9 0
24 Jun 1827 VDL Laycock Falls (Liffey Falls) Pallittorre - North 30 1
26 Jun 1827 VDL Quamby Brook Pallittorre - North 30 3
3 Jul 1827 VDL Quamby Bluff Pallittorre - North 10 0
30 Jul 1827 NSW Raffles Bay, NT Iwadja 30 0
17 Nov 1827 VDL Pawleena Valley Oyster Bay 14 1
1 Dec 1827 to 31 Dec 1827 VDL The Retreat', (Cheshunt) Dairy Plains, Western Creek Pallittorre - North 19 0
1 Dec 1827 to 31 Dec 1827 VDL Dairy Plains Meander River Pallittorre - North 9 0
1 Jan 1828 to 31 Jan 1828 VDL Cape Grim, VDL Co, NW Tasmania North West 13 0
10 Feb 1828 VDL Cape Grim, VDL Co, Nw Tasmania North West 30 0
19 Mar 1828 VDL Bullock Hunting Ground, West Tamar River North 14 0
2 Apr 1828 VDL Elizabeth River, Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay 17 1
1 Jul 1828 to 30 Jul 1828 VDL Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay / Big River 17 0
9 Oct 1828 VDL source of the Jordan River, Lake Tiberias Oyster Bay 6 0
6 Dec 1828 VDL Tooms Lake, source of Macquarie River, Eastern Tiers Oyster Bay 10 0
1 Jan 1829 to 31 Jan 1829 VDL St Paul’s River, East Coast Oyster Bay 9 0
1 Jan 1829 to 31 Jan 1829 VDL Break O'Day Plains Oyster Bay 10 0
18 Feb 1829 VDL West Tamar North 7 0
1 Mar 1829 to 5 Mar 1829 VDL Richmond, Coal River Oyster Bay 6 0
13 Mar 1829 to 17 Mar 1829 VDL Cataract Gorge North Midlands 6 3
28 Mar 1829 to 20 Mar 1829 VDL Clyde and Ouse Rivers Big River 9 0
1 Jun 1829 to 30 Jun 1829 VDL Pittwater Oyster Bay 10 2
1 Sep 1829 VDL East of Ben Lomond Ben Lomond 17 0
1 Oct 1829 to 31 Oct 1829 VDL Ouse River Big River 7 0
10 Mar 1830 VDL Clyde River Oyster Bay 10 0
10 Mar 1830 VDL Clyde and Ouse Rivers Big River 6 0
1 Apr 1830 to 8 Apr 1830 VDL Upper Clyde River Big River 6 0
18 Apr 1830 VDL Whitefoord Hills, Meander River North 6 0
22 Aug 1830 to 27 Aug 1830 VDL Clyde River Big River 6 0
1 Jul 1831 NSW Moreton Island: Ngugi 20 0
1 Jan 1834 to 31 Dec 1834 NSW Convincing Ground, Portland Bay Gunditjmara 20 0
1 Jan 1836 to 31 Dec 1836 NSW Dora Dora Station, Table Top Mountain. Wiradjuri 12 0
27 May 1836 NSW Murray River Barkindji or Tati Tati 7 0
1 Jun 1836 to 31 Jul 1836 NSW Sgt Temple’s expedition to the Gwydir Kamilaroi 80 0
16 Jul 1836 NSW Mt Cottrell 10 1
1 Nov 1837 to 30 Nov 1837 PPD Goulburn River Daungwurrung 6 0
26 Jan 1838 NSW Waterloo Creek Kamilaroi 40 0
1 Apr 1838 to 30 Apr 1838 PPD Broken River 6 0
12 Apr 1838 PPD Benalla 0 7
1 May 1838 NSW Slaughterhouse Creek Kamilaroi 300 0
1 Jun 1838 to 30 Jun 1838 PPD Waterloo Plains unknown 7 0
1 Jun 1838 to 30 Jun 1838 PPD Campaspe Plains 6 2
1 Jun 1838 to 31 Aug 1838 PPD Darlington Station 13 0
10 Jun 1838 NSW Myall Creek, the Gwydir River Wererai 28 0
1 Jul 1838 to 31 Jul 1838 PPD Reservoir 1 10 0
1 Jul 1838 to 31 Jul 1838 PPD Reservoir 2 10 0
1 Oct 1838 to 31 Oct 1838 PPD Murdering Flat 40 1
1 Jan 1839 to 31 Dec 1839 NSW junction of Murray and Darling Rivers 6 0
1 Feb 1839 to 28 Feb 1839 PPD Maiden Hills 6 0
1 Jun 1839 to 30 Nov 1839 PPD Chimney Pots Jardwa - Ngarum ngarum balung clans of Dundas area and Takallut balug clans of Victoria River Range Grampians 60 0
1 Oct 1839 to 31 Oct 1839 PPD Murdering Gully Tarnbeere gundidj 35 0
1 Dec 1839 to 31 Jan 1840 PPD Blood Hole 6 0
1 Jan 1840 to 28 Feb 1840 PPD Tahara 6 0
8 Mar 1840 PPD Fighting Hills Bunganditj/Jardwa - Konongwootong gundidj 41 0
1 Apr 1840 PPD Fighting Waterholes Jardwa -Kononwootong gundidj 20 0
20 May 1840 to 31 May 1840 NSW Kundering Brook Upper Macleay River Valley. Thungutti 24 0
1 Jun 1840 to 30 Jun 1840 PPD Mustons Jardwa 8 0
9 Jun 1840 PPD Campaspe 2 7 0
11 Jun 1840 PPD Mount Rouse Kolorer gundidj 40 0
12 Aug 1840 to 20 Aug 1840 PPD Victoria Valley Jardwa 23 0
1 Oct 1840 to 31 Oct 1840 PPD Boney Point Kurnai 15 0
1 Nov 1840 to 30 Nov 1840 PPD Connell's Ford Bunganditj 15 0
1 Nov 1840 to 30 Nov 1840 PPD Burrumbeep unknown 7 1
1 Jan 1841 to 31 Dec 1841 PPD Boxes Creek Kurnai 30 0
1 Jan 1841 to 31 Dec 1841 PPD Butchers Creek Kurnai 6 0
1 Jan 1841 to 12 Dec 1841 NSW Orara River Bundjalung 20 0
1 May 1841 to 31 May 1841 NSW Darkie Point south side of the Upper Clarence River, north east of Armidale New England Pastoral District Bundjalung 6 0
1 Jun 1841 to 25 Jul 1841 PPD Woodlands Bargundidj 6 0
23 Aug 1841 PPD Rufus River Maraura 30 0
23 Aug 1841 NSW Rufus River Maraura 30 0
1 Oct 1841 to 31 Oct 1841 NSW Grantham, Moreton Bay District Yuggera 6 0
1 Dec 1841 to 31 Jan 1842 PPD Glenelg 6 0
1 Feb 1842 to 28 Feb 1842 PPD Tarrone Yowen gundidj 6 1
1 Feb 1842 to 28 Feb 1842 NSW Kilcoy Mass poisoning Giggarbarah and Woongunbarah people 60 0
1 Feb 1842 to 28 Feb 1842 NSW Bogan River beyond Mt Harris 6 0
24 Feb 1842 PPD Lubra Creek Moperer gundidj 6 0
1 Mar 1842 to 15 May 1842 PPD Emu Creek Pallapnue gundidj 9 2
18 Aug 1842 PPD Eumerella unknown 6 0
11 Sep 1842 NSW Deepwater Bandjalang or Ngarabul 6 0
1 Oct 1842 to 31 Oct 1842 PPD Tarrone 2 Yowen gundidj 9 0
1 Oct 1842 to 31 Dec 1842 NSW Yandilla and Tummaville unknown 6 0
1 Dec 1842 to 31 Dec 1842 PPD Hollands Landing Tatungalung 6 0
12 Jan 1843 to 31 Dec 1843 NSW Sheep Station Bluff Upper McLeay River. unknown 6 0
1 Feb 1843 PPD Barmah Lake unknown 26 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Jack Smith Series 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Jack Smith Series Brataualang 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Jack Smith Series Brataualang 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Jack Smith Series Brataualang 60 0
1 Jul 1843 to 31 Jul 1843 PPD Jack Smith Series Brataualang 60 0
27 Jul 1843 NSW Mt Haldon, Darling Downs Unknown 6 0
6 Aug 1843 PPD Wannon River 6 0
1 Sep 1843 to 10 Sep 1843 PPD Fitzroy River 10 0
1 Sep 1843 to 30 Sep 1843 PPD Crawford Rover Pallapnue gundidj 9 0
1 Sep 1843 to 31 Oct 1843 NSW Rosewood Scrub Unknown Led by Multuggerah 6 0
1 Nov 1843 to 30 Nov 1843 PPD Clunie Jardwa 6 0
1 Nov 1843 to 1 Jun 1844 PPD Haunted Creek Gippsland Blacks (Kurnai?) 60 0
1 Jan 1844 to 31 Dec 1847 NSW Crampton’s Corner Massacre Kamilaroi 15 0
17 Oct 1844 NSW Bluff Rock Bundjalung or Ngarabul 10 0
1 Jan 1845 to 31 Dec 1845 NSW Darkey Flat Massacre Bigambul 6 0
1 Jan 1845 to 31 Dec 1845 NSW Upper Macleay River, NSW Thungutti 6 0
1 Mar 1845 NSW Deepwater Bigambul 16 0
2 Jul 1845 PPD Naracoorte Caves unknown 6 0
1 Jan 1846 to 31 Dec 1846 NSW Junction of Murray and Murrumbidgee Rivers 7 0
1 Feb 1846 PPD Loddon Junction unknown 6 1
1 Oct 1846 NSW Dourallie Creek, Upper Macleay River Valley Thungutti 60 0
16 Dec 1846 PPD Snowy Mouth Snowy River' Aborigines 15 0
10 Apr 1847 to 20 Apr 1847 NSW Whiteside station Gubbi Gubbi (Kabi Kabi) 50 0
1 Jul 1847 to 31 Jul 1847 PPD Mt Eccles unknown 30 0
1 Jul 1847 to 31 Jul 1847 PPD Mt Napier 30 0
12 Sep 1847 to 30 Sep 1847 NSW Boonall station, MacIntyre River region Bigambul 40 0
1 Oct 1847 to 31 Oct 1847 NSW Callandoon Station MacIntyre River Bigambul 12 0
1 Jan 1848 to 31 Dec 1848 NSW Warroo massacre Bigambul from north of the Macintyre 100 0
1 Jan 1848 to 31 Dec 1848 NSW Fitzgerald’s Burgurrah Station Maranoa Pastoral District Bigambul 6 0
1 Jun 1848 to 30 Jun 1848 PPD Beveridge Island Tarrkgoonder tribe [the 'reed-spear tribe' of the lower Murray] 7 0
1 Jun 1848 to 30 Jun 1848 NSW Umbercollie Station: MacIntyre River Bigambul 12 0
1 Oct 1848 to 31 Oct 1848 NSW Muckadilla Creek Maranoa Pastoral District Mandandanji 6 0
23 Apr 1849 NSW Grafton Range Maranoa Pastoral District Mandandaji 40 0
1 May 1849 to 31 May 1849 NSW Carbucky Station Maranoa Pastoral District Date: May 1849 20 0
1 May 1849 to 31 May 1849 NSW Severn (Dumaresq) River Bigambul 6 0
1 Jun 1849 to 31 Jul 1849 NSW ‘The Cedars’, Burnett River. 20 0
20 Jul 1849 to 31 Jul 1849 NSW Fleming’s Talavera Station: Maranoa Pastoral District . Mandandanji 20 0
1 Jan 1850 to 31 Dec 1850 PPD Slaughterhouse Gully Kurnai(?) 15 0
1 Jan 1850 to 31 Dec 1850 PPD Lake Curlip 15 0
1 Jan 1850 to 12 Jan 1855 PPD Murderers Flat Kerup gundidj (more commonly known as the Kerreupjmara) 6 0
4 Mar 1850 NSW Yuleba Creek massacre Mandandanji or Barunngan people 6 0
1 Oct 1850 to 31 Oct 1850 NSW Ukabulla Station Mandandanji 13 0
24 Dec 1851 to 3 Jan 1852 NSW Fraser Island collection of clans that had sought refuge on the island. 6 0
5 May 1852 to 8 May 1852 NSW Yamboucal Maranoa Mandanji 6 0
20 Sep 1852 to 30 Sep 1852 NSW Moonie massacre, Maranoa Pastoral District Balonne Aborigines 6 0
1 Nov 1852 to 30 Nov 1852 NSW Ukabulla station massacre Mandandanji and Yiman people from the Dawson River 6 0
1 Nov 1854 NSW Maryborough 6 0
1 Jan 1856 to 31 Dec 1856 NSW Rain forest Towel Creek Upper Macleay River. Unknown 6 0
15 Apr 1858 NSW Whiteside Station Ninghy Ninghy 6 0
1 Jan 1859 to 31 Dec 1859 VIC Lake Bolac 11 0
1 Nov 1859 to 30 Nov 1859 QLD Fitzroy River 8 1
1 Mar 1860 to 31 Mar 1860 QLD Yuleba Creek Yiman 15 0
6 Nov 1860 QLD Fitzroy River 8 1
17 Oct 1861 QLD Cullinlargino Station, Nogoa River 0 19
19 Oct 1861 QLD Upper Maranoa Nguri 10 0
26 Nov 1861 QLD Expedition Range 60 0
10 Dec 1861 QLD Dawson River 10 0
1 Aug 1862 to 31 Aug 1862 QLD Caboolture River 7 0
30 Oct 1863 QLD Woolgar River 12 0
15 Oct 1864 QLD Tree Island 6 0
21 Jun 1866 QLD Belyando River 6 0
1 Oct 1866 to 31 Oct 1866 QLD Belyando River 9 0
1 Jun 1869 to 30 Jun 1869 QLD Torres Strait 0 8
20 Jan 1870 QLD Murray River 6 0