Site NameDaly River
This massacre is part of a group of massacres
Aboriginal Place NameNauiyu
Language GroupMurrinh-patha, Malak Malak, Woolwonga
Present State/TerritoryNT
Colony/State/Territory at the timeSA
Police DistrictPort Darwin
DateBetween 2 Sep 1884 and 17 Oct 1884
Attack TimeDay
VictimsAboriginal People
Victim DescriptionsWarrior(s)
Victims Killed70
Victims Killed Notes20-30, however some reports estimate it to be between 70-150. The Protector of Aborigines, Dr Robert Morice, put the deaths at 'not less than 150'
Attacker DescriptionsSettler(s), Police
Attackers Killed0
Attackers Killed NotesMiners John Landers, Henry Hauschildt & Johannes Noltenius and their cook Thomas Schollert.
Weapons UsedFirearm(s)
NarrativeMarkus (1974), Wilson (2000), Nettelbeck (2004), Morris (2019) and others have detailed that on 2 September 1884 at Mt Hayward Copper Mine on the Daly River, John Landers, Henry Hauschildt and Johannes Noltenius were speared as they ran for safety. Back at their camp, they found their cook, Thomas Schollert, dead. A reprisal operation was carried out by Mounted Constable George Montagu and took in Argument Flat and Marrakai Station along the Mary River. Montagu’s report documented 20-30 Aboriginal deaths, but other contemporary reports suggest between 70-150, and modern estimates are higher. Inspector Paul Foelsche also led a reprisal party. A third, civilian, party, known as the 'Hauschildt Rescue' party, led by former police officer August Lucanus and split into three groups, was provisioned by the Government but not accompanied by any police and did not account for ammunition used. See also Argument Flat massacre.
SourcesNettelbeck, 2004; Wilson, 2000; Morrison; Evening Journal, June 4, 1885; SA Register, June 11, 1885; Roberts, 2005, pp 125-131; Roberts, 2009, np; North Australian, November 27, 1885; Markus 1974, p 12-34; 'Report on the pursuit of the Daly River murderers', North Australian, January 8, 1886; SAPP, No.170, 1885; Morris 2019; Reid, B, 2020; Clement & Bridge, 1991, p 16; Daly 1887, pp 257-263. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating***