Site NameHornet Bank massacre, Upper Dawson River
This massacre is part of a group of massacres
Aboriginal Place Name
Language GroupGungabula or Yiman
Present State/TerritoryQLD
Colony/State/Territory at the timeNSW
Police DistrictTaroom
Latitude-25.757
Longitude149.407
Date27 Oct 1857
Attack TimeDawn
VictimsColonisers
Victim DescriptionsSettler(s)
Victims Killed11
Victims Killed NotesKilled: M 8 , F3;
AttackersAboriginal People
Attacker DescriptionsAboriginal
Attackers Killed0
Attackers Killed NotesKilled: M F; Probable: M F; Possible: M F; Wounded: M F
TransportFoot
MotiveReprisal
Weapons UsedTomahawk(s), Club(s)
NarrativeMinutes after first light appeared on 27 October 1857, a group of Yiman warriors entered the darkened homestead at Hornet Bank, and killed five men from the Fraser family along with three male employees, and knocked Sylvester aged 14, unconscious and left him for dead. Then they induced Mrs Fraser and her two daughters outside and after some deliberation they raped them all and then killed them. The eldest son, William Fraser was absent on the road to Ipswich. After sunrise, Sylvester escaped to a neighbouring station and raised the alarm (The Age, November 20, 1857, p 5). The massacre was in reprisal for the Fraser sons' sexual abuse of Aboriginal women (Richards 2008, p23).
SourcesAge, The, November 20, 1857, p5 - https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/page/18215858; The Courier, 25 November, 1861, p 3 ; Reid 1980-1: 62-82; Reid 1982; Richards, 2008, p 23. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating***