Site Name Myall Creek
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Gamilaraay or Yugambul
Colony NSW
Present State/Territory NSW
Police District Muswellbrook
Latitude -29.778
Longitude 150.717
Date 10 Jun 1838
Attack Time day
Victims Aboriginal People
Victims Killed 28
Victims Killed Notes Killed: M 28, F; Probable: M F; Possible: M F; Wounded: M F
Attackers Colonisers: Stockman/Drover
Attackers Killed 0
Attackers Killed Notes Killed: M F; Wounded: M F
Transport Horse
Motive Opportunity
Weapons Used muskets, swords,pistols, fowling piece
Narrative Twenty eight Wirryaraay people were tied up in daylight, forced to walk out of sight of the Myall Creek Station huts, fired at with pistols and fowling pieces and then hacked and bludgeoned to death with swords and cutlasses. The bodies were burnt the following day. The massacre was carried out by settler John Henry Fleming and eleven stockmen; John Russell, Charles Kilmeister, Edward Foley, Charles Toulouse, James Oates, William Hawkins, John Johnstone, James Parry, John Blake, Edward Palliser and William Lamb. The massacre was reported to the Colonial Secretary in Sydney who ordered an investigation by magistrate Edward Denny Day. The ringleader, John Henry Fleming disappeared before Day arrived at the Gwydir River. The eleven stockmen were arrested and charged with murder and taken to Sydney for trial in the Supreme court. However 2 trials were required before any of them were convicted and hanged. This is the only known case in NSW where massacre perpetrators were convicted and hanged for the crime.
Sources HRA, I, xix: 701-14; The Australian, 17 July: 3 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article36854124; 17 November 1838 - https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/page/4298591 and 1 December 1838 - https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/page/4298615 (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***