Site Name The Shackle, Granite Crossing
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group
Colony SA
Present State/Territory NT
Police District Pine Creek
Latitude -14.217
Longitude 131.951
Date Between 1 Jan 1878 and 31 Jan 1878
Attack Time
Victims Aboriginal People: Warriors
Victims Killed 17
Victims Killed Notes
Attackers Colonisers: Overlander
Attackers Killed 1
Attackers Killed Notes James Ellis.
Transport Horse
Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Firearms
Narrative In reprisal for the murder of James Ellis in January 1878, Mounted Constable WG Stretton with two other troopers, civilians and a South Australian Aboriginal tracker located the party of Aboriginal suspects near the Daly River and shot 17 of them. After Ellis's death, a jury found that "the only available retaliation is to give a lesson to the tribe." An unknown number of Aboriginal people were shot by a civilian reprisal party.
Sources SHAR 1994; Roberts 2009; Reid 1990: 70; Morrison www.australianfrontierconflicts.com.au; NTTG, January 19 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146552, 26 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146569, February 2 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146587, 9 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146598, 23 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146639, March 9 http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3146690; SA Register, 28, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article40780933; 30, January, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article40791443 1878. Kelsey 1975: 64-65; Austin 1992: 16. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***