Site NameMole Hill
This massacre is part of a group of massacres
Aboriginal Place NameGunduburun or Goondburoon
Language GroupMangarrayi
Present State/TerritoryNT
Colony/State/Territory at the timeSA
Police DistrictNo police district at that time.
Date2 Sep 1875
Attack TimeDawn
VictimsAboriginal People
Victim DescriptionsAboriginal
Victims Killed40
Victims Killed Notesmen, women and children
Attacker DescriptionsMounted Police, Settler(s), Stockmen/Drover(s)
Attackers Killed0
Attackers Killed Notes
Weapons UsedPistol(s), Rifle(s)
NarrativeMc Minn is the final of five massacres that took place in reprisal for the killing of Overland Telegraph (OT) Station Master Charles Johnston and two OT workers, Abram Daer and Charles Rickards by Mangarrayi warriors at Roper Bar on 29 June 1875. According to historian Tony Roberts (2005, p 140; fn 13, ), 150-200 Mangarrayi people were killed in the six week reprisal operation from 12 July to 4 September 1875. On 4 September 1875, a posse of volunteers ‘with a large amount of ammunition', (NTTG, July 17, 1875, p 1) led by Mounted Constable George Montagu, attacked a campsite of Mangarrayi people at Mole Hill and 'dispersed' a large group of them. It is estimated that 40 people were shot. The chief of police in the NT, Inspector Paul Foelsche, who authorised one of the reprisal parties, called the operation, 'a picnic with the natives' (Wilson 2001, pp 221-222; Reid 1990, pp 66-67).
SourcesNTTG July 17, 1875, p 1; NTTG September 18, 1875, p 2 ; NTTG December 4, 1875, p 2 ; NTTG December 25, 1875, p 2 ; NTTG September 18, 1875, p 2 ; Wilson 2000, pp 221-222; Roberts 2005, pp 115-120; Roper River Police Station Heritage Assessment Report, 2015, pp 9-11; Toohey, Roper Bar Land Claim Report, 1982, p. 3; Austin, 1992, HSNT, pp 15-16. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating***