Site NameConiston (2)
This massacre is part of a group of massacres
Aboriginal Place NameUnclear
Language GroupWarlpiri, Anmatyere, Kaytetye
Present State/TerritoryNT
Colony/State/Territory at the timeNT
Police DistrictBarrow Creek
DateBetween 1 Aug 1928 and 31 Oct 1928
Attack TimeDay
VictimsAboriginal People
Victim DescriptionsAboriginal
Victims Killed60
Victims Killed NotesMore than 60
Attacker DescriptionsManager(s), Stockmen/Drover(s), Police, Pastoralist(s)
Attackers Killed0
Attackers Killed NotesWilliam John (Nugget) Morton, co-owner of Broadmeadows Station, reported that he was attacked by 15 Warlpiri on 28 August.
Weapons UsedFirearm(s), Tomahawk(s)
NarrativeFollowing the reprisal massacres of Warlpiri people at Coniston (1) in 1928 in revenge for killing dingo trapper Fred Brooks, the Warlpiri attacked and wounded Nugget Morton at Tomahawk Waterhole on the Lander River. This led to further reprisal massacres carried out by pastoralists and police on the Lander and Lower Hanson Rivers, including Circle Well. Bradley (2019, p 4) estimates that 100-200 Warlpiri were killed at Rabbit Bore, Mt Theo, Tipinpa, White Stone, Boundary Soak, Mt Denison, Cockatoo Spring, Mission Creek, Curlew Waterhole, Dingo Waterhole, Tomahawk Waterhole, Boomerang Waterhole, Broadmeadows (x 2 sites), Circle Well (x 2 sites), Baxter's Well and two unnamed sites on the Hanson River east of Barrow Creek.after
SourcesWoodward 1973; Read & Read 1991; Bell 1993; Toohey 1979; Edmond 2013; Morrison; Alice Springs News Online August 15 2018 ; NT News, August 25, 2018, pp 24-25 ; Wilson & O'Brien 2003; Bradley, 2019. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating***