Site Name Lubra Creek, Caramut Station
Aboriginal Place Name
Language Group Gai wurrung or Djabwurrung
Colony PPD
Present State/Territory VIC
Police District Portland
Latitude -37.946
Longitude 142.505
Date 24 Feb 1842
Attack Time evening
Victims Aboriginal People
Victims Killed 6
Victims Killed Notes Killed: M F3 - Connyer, a widow; Natgoncher who was pregnant and a widow; Wooigouing, wife of one of the men who fled; Probable: M F;Possible: M1 - child F; Wounded: 1 - woman who some days afterward died
Attackers Colonisers: setters, stockmen
Attackers Killed 0
Attackers Killed Notes
Transport Foot
Motive Reprisal
Weapons Used Firearms, single barrelled fowling piece, rifle, carbine, pistols
Narrative The massacre took place at Caramut Station on a summer evening on 24 February 1842 and carried out by settlers Arthur D Boursiquot, and Robert Whitehead and employees John Beswicke, Jospeh Betts, and Charles Smith. They shot and killed 6 people from 2 Aboriginal families asleep in a clump of tea-tree beside a small tributary of Mustons Creek. Caramut Station had been occupied by Thomas Osbrey and Sidney Smith in November 1841. An Aboriginal survivor of the massacre who sought refuge at Mt Rowse Aboriginal station reported the horrible event to Assistant Protector Charles Sievewright who immediately rode to Caramut station and buried and burnt 5 bodies and found the 6th person, a woman, still alive and took her back to Mt Rowse where she died. No one at Carmut would speak about the massacre, even though Sievewright offered 50 pounds reward for information and Governor Gipps quickly followed up with 100 pounds reward. In May 1843, Christopher McGuinness a witness to the massacre went to Melbourne and told the whole story to G.A. Robinson. The perpetrators were arrested and charged and brought to trial but escaped conviction. (Firearms: single-barrelled fowling piece, rifle or carbine, pistols, liangles, shields, spears, boomerangs)
Sources BPP 1844: 234; Thomas Papers, ML Item 21; Robinson Papers, vol.57, p.46, ms ML A 7078; Critchett 1990: 108, 119, 250; Clark ID 1995: 35-42. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating ***