Site NameConiston (1)
This massacre is part of a group of massacres
Aboriginal Place NameUnclear
Language GroupWarlpiri, Anmatyere, Kaytetye
Present State/TerritoryNT
Colony/State/Territory at the timeNT
Police DistrictBarrow Creek
DateBetween 1 Aug 1928 and 31 Oct 1928
Attack TimeDay
VictimsAboriginal People
Victim Descriptions
Victims Killed50
Victims Killed NotesMore than 50.
Attacker DescriptionsMounted Police, Settler(s), Stockmen/Drover(s)
Attackers Killed0
Attackers Killed NotesDingo trapper, Fred Brooks, who was killed on 7 August, 1928.
Weapons UsedFirearm(s), Spear(s)
NarrativeSee also Coniston #2. As noted in a number of documents, including the Woodward Royal Commission report (Vol 1, p 82) and Bradley (2019), following the killing of Fred Brooks (committed by a man named Nugget or Bullfrog for stealing Nugget's/Bullfrog's wife) by Warlpiri at Yurrguru on Coniston, a number (more than 50) of Aboriginal people (Warlpiri and Yanmatjiri) were killed in punitive expeditions by a police party comprising Mounted Constable George Murray, Alex Wilson, Stafford, John Saxby, Billy Briscoe, Dodger and trackers Paddy and Major, in the next few weeks around the Lander River and to the west of Coniston Station. The official death toll for the Coniston Massacre was 17. Bradley (2019, p 4) put the figure at 100-200 and records that people were massacred at the following locations: Rabbit Bore, Mt Theo, Tipinpa, White Stone, Boundary Soak, Mt Denison, Cockatoo Spring, Mission Creek, Curlew Waterhole, Dingo Waterhole, Tomahawk Waterhole, Boomerang Waterhole, Broadmeadows (x 2 sites), Circle Well (x 2 sites), Baxter's Well and two unnamed sites on the Hanson River east of Barrow Creek.
SourcesWoodward, 1973; Read & Read 1991; Bell 1993; Toohey 1979; Edmond 2013 ; Morrison; Alice Springs News Online August 15 2018 ; Schubert, NT News, August 25, 2018, pp 24-25 ; Wilson & O'Brien 2003; Bradley, 2019. (Sources PDF)
Corroboration Rating***